cpython源码

haojunyu 56f1740149 feat: 添加doxygen生成文档 1 year ago
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Doc 0d70a98f44 bpo-40204: Pin Sphinx version to 2.3.1 in Doc/Makefile 2 years ago
Grammar ac317700ce bpo-30406: Make async and await proper keywords (#1669) 5 years ago
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Lib ca75fec1ed bpo-39603: Prevent header injection in http methods (GH-18485) (GH-21538) 2 years ago
Mac 934c1fa873 Update macOS installer reader for 3.7.8 2 years ago
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Modules 620e276a8c bpo-41288: Fix a crash in unpickling invalid NEWOBJ_EX. (GH-21458) (GH-21461) 2 years ago
Objects 56f1740149 feat: 添加doxygen生成文档 1 year ago
PC 4bfcffe16e bpo-41304: Ensure python3x._pth is loaded on Windows (GH-21495) (#21499) 2 years ago
PCbuild 110dd15366 [3.7] bpo-29778: Ensure python3.dll is loaded from correct locations when Python is embedded (GH-21297) (#21298) 2 years ago
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Programs 9ee1d42f01 bpo-35233: InitConfigTests tests more config vars (GH-10541) (GH-10546) 4 years ago
Python 110dd15366 [3.7] bpo-29778: Ensure python3.dll is loaded from correct locations when Python is embedded (GH-21297) (#21298) 2 years ago
Tools 296db8cc2f bpo-30008: Fix OpenSSL no-deprecated compilation (GH-20397) 2 years ago
m4 ff5be6e810 bpo-32598: Use autoconf to detect usable OpenSSL (#5242) 4 years ago
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.travis.yml 1ba6fe43e8 bpo-40162: Update Travis CI config to OpenSSL 1.1.1f (GH-19319) 2 years ago
CODE_OF_CONDUCT.rst 8d6b6d1f1d Move Code_of_Conduct.rst to the root level. (GH-8209) 4 years ago
Doxyfile 56f1740149 feat: 添加doxygen生成文档 1 year ago
LICENSE 8978ae9705 [3.7] Bring Python into the next decade. (GH-17801). (GH-17803) 2 years ago
Makefile.pre.in d7aa3d2684 bpo-39144 Align ctags and etags behaviours in the makefile and include Python stdlib files (GH-17721) 2 years ago
README.rst 4fdc175f9a Post release updates 2 years ago
aclocal.m4 c4ca1f8f24 [3.7] bpo-39794: Add --without-decimal-contextvar (GH-18702) 2 years ago
config.guess 9da7ee4003 bpo-33393: Update config.guess and config.sub files (GH-6658) (#6661) 4 years ago
config.sub 9da7ee4003 bpo-33393: Update config.guess and config.sub files (GH-6658) (#6661) 4 years ago
configure cfbc759f91 BPO-41100: Support macOS 11 when building (GH-21113) (GH-21155) 2 years ago
configure.ac cfbc759f91 BPO-41100: Support macOS 11 when building (GH-21113) (GH-21155) 2 years ago
install-sh c1aa8dceb7 Patch #746366: Update to current automake install-sh. Will backport to 2.2. 19 years ago
pyconfig.h.in c4ca1f8f24 [3.7] bpo-39794: Add --without-decimal-contextvar (GH-18702) 2 years ago
setup.py e7f8684ef7 bpo-38360: macOS: support alternate form of -isysroot flag (GH-16480) 2 years ago

README.rst

This is Python version 3.7.8+
=============================

.. image:: https://travis-ci.org/python/cpython.svg?branch=3.7
:alt: CPython build status on Travis CI
:target: https://travis-ci.org/python/cpython/branches

.. image:: https://dev.azure.com/python/cpython/_apis/build/status/Azure%20Pipelines%20CI?branchName=3.7
:alt: CPython build status on Azure Pipelines
:target: https://dev.azure.com/python/cpython/_build/latest?definitionId=4&branchName=3.7

.. image:: https://codecov.io/gh/python/cpython/branch/3.7/graph/badge.svg
:alt: CPython code coverage on Codecov
:target: https://codecov.io/gh/python/cpython/branch/3.7

Copyright (c) 2001-2020 Python Software Foundation. All rights reserved.

See the end of this file for further copyright and license information.

.. contents::

General Information
-------------------

- Website: https://www.python.org
- Source code: https://github.com/python/cpython
- Issue tracker: https://bugs.python.org
- Documentation: https://docs.python.org
- Developer's Guide: https://devguide.python.org/

Contributing to CPython
-----------------------

For more complete instructions on contributing to CPython development,
see the `Developer Guide`_.

.. _Developer Guide: https://devguide.python.org/

Using Python
------------

Installable Python kits, and information about using Python, are available at
`python.org`_.

.. _python.org: https://www.python.org/

Build Instructions
------------------

On Unix, Linux, BSD, macOS, and Cygwin::

./configure
make
make test
sudo make install

This will install Python as ``python3``.

You can pass many options to the configure script; run ``./configure --help``
to find out more. On macOS case-insensitive file systems and on Cygwin,
the executable is called ``python.exe``; elsewhere it's just ``python``.

Building a complete Python installation requires the use of various
additional third-party libraries, depending on your build platform and
configure options. Not all standard library modules are buildable or
useable on all platforms. Refer to the
`Install dependencies `_
section of the `Developer Guide`_ for current detailed information on
dependencies for various Linux distributions and macOS.

On macOS, there are additional configure and build options related
to macOS framework and universal builds. Refer to `Mac/README.rst
`_.

On Windows, see `PCbuild/readme.txt
`_.

If you wish, you can create a subdirectory and invoke configure from there.
For example::

mkdir debug
cd debug
../configure --with-pydebug
make
make test

(This will fail if you *also* built at the top-level directory. You should do
a ``make clean`` at the toplevel first.)

To get an optimized build of Python, ``configure --enable-optimizations``
before you run ``make``. This sets the default make targets up to enable
Profile Guided Optimization (PGO) and may be used to auto-enable Link Time
Optimization (LTO) on some platforms. For more details, see the sections
below.


Profile Guided Optimization
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

PGO takes advantage of recent versions of the GCC or Clang compilers. If used,
either via ``configure --enable-optimizations`` or by manually running
``make profile-opt`` regardless of configure flags, the optimized build
process will perform the following steps:

The entire Python directory is cleaned of temporary files that may have
resulted from a previous compilation.

An instrumented version of the interpreter is built, using suitable compiler
flags for each flavour. Note that this is just an intermediary step. The
binary resulting from this step is not good for real life workloads as it has
profiling instructions embedded inside.

After the instrumented interpreter is built, the Makefile will run a training
workload. This is necessary in order to profile the interpreter execution.
Note also that any output, both stdout and stderr, that may appear at this step
is suppressed.

The final step is to build the actual interpreter, using the information
collected from the instrumented one. The end result will be a Python binary
that is optimized; suitable for distribution or production installation.


Link Time Optimization
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Enabled via configure's ``--with-lto`` flag. LTO takes advantage of the
ability of recent compiler toolchains to optimize across the otherwise
arbitrary ``.o`` file boundary when building final executables or shared
libraries for additional performance gains.


What's New
----------

We have a comprehensive overview of the changes in the `What's New in Python
3.7 `_ document. For a more
detailed change log, read `Misc/NEWS
`_, but a full
accounting of changes can only be gleaned from the `commit history
`_.

If you want to install multiple versions of Python see the section below
entitled "Installing multiple versions".


Documentation
-------------

`Documentation for Python 3.7 `_ is online,
updated daily.

It can also be downloaded in many formats for faster access. The documentation
is downloadable in HTML, PDF, and reStructuredText formats; the latter version
is primarily for documentation authors, translators, and people with special
formatting requirements.

For information about building Python's documentation, refer to `Doc/README.rst
`_.


Converting From Python 2.x to 3.x
---------------------------------

Significant backward incompatible changes were made for the release of Python
3.0, which may cause programs written for Python 2 to fail when run with Python
3. For more information about porting your code from Python 2 to Python 3, see
the `Porting HOWTO `_.


Testing
-------

To test the interpreter, type ``make test`` in the top-level directory. The
test set produces some output. You can generally ignore the messages about
skipped tests due to optional features which can't be imported. If a message
is printed about a failed test or a traceback or core dump is produced,
something is wrong.

By default, tests are prevented from overusing resources like disk space and
memory. To enable these tests, run ``make testall``.

If any tests fail, you can re-run the failing test(s) in verbose mode. For
example, if ``test_os`` and ``test_gdb`` failed, you can run::

make test TESTOPTS="-v test_os test_gdb"

If the failure persists and appears to be a problem with Python rather than
your environment, you can `file a bug report `_ and
include relevant output from that command to show the issue.

See `Running & Writing Tests `_
for more on running tests.

Installing multiple versions
----------------------------

On Unix and Mac systems if you intend to install multiple versions of Python
using the same installation prefix (``--prefix`` argument to the configure
script) you must take care that your primary python executable is not
overwritten by the installation of a different version. All files and
directories installed using ``make altinstall`` contain the major and minor
version and can thus live side-by-side. ``make install`` also creates
``${prefix}/bin/python3`` which refers to ``${prefix}/bin/pythonX.Y``. If you
intend to install multiple versions using the same prefix you must decide which
version (if any) is your "primary" version. Install that version using ``make
install``. Install all other versions using ``make altinstall``.

For example, if you want to install Python 2.7, 3.6, and 3.7 with 3.7 being the
primary version, you would execute ``make install`` in your 3.7 build directory
and ``make altinstall`` in the others.


Issue Tracker and Mailing List
------------------------------

Bug reports are welcome! You can use the `issue tracker
`_ to report bugs, and/or submit pull requests `on
GitHub `_.

You can also follow development discussion on the `python-dev mailing list
`_.


Proposals for enhancement
-------------------------

If you have a proposal to change Python, you may want to send an email to the
comp.lang.python or `python-ideas`_ mailing lists for initial feedback. A
Python Enhancement Proposal (PEP) may be submitted if your idea gains ground.
All current PEPs, as well as guidelines for submitting a new PEP, are listed at
`python.org/dev/peps/ `_.

.. _python-ideas: https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/python-ideas/


Release Schedule
----------------

See :pep:`537` for Python 3.7 release details.


Copyright and License Information
---------------------------------

Copyright (c) 2001-2020 Python Software Foundation. All rights reserved.

Copyright (c) 2000 BeOpen.com. All rights reserved.

Copyright (c) 1995-2001 Corporation for National Research Initiatives. All
rights reserved.

Copyright (c) 1991-1995 Stichting Mathematisch Centrum. All rights reserved.

See the file "LICENSE" for information on the history of this software, terms &
conditions for usage, and a DISCLAIMER OF ALL WARRANTIES.

This Python distribution contains *no* GNU General Public License (GPL) code,
so it may be used in proprietary projects. There are interfaces to some GNU
code but these are entirely optional.

All trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective holders.